Download Fortinet NSE 6 - FortiAnalyzer 7-2 Administrator.NSE6_FAZ-7.2.VCEDumps.2024-04-04.19q.vcex

Vendor: Fortinet
Exam Code: NSE6_FAZ-7.2
Exam Name: Fortinet NSE 6 - FortiAnalyzer 7-2 Administrator
Date: Apr 04, 2024
File Size: 709 KB
Downloads: 8

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Demo Questions

Question 1
An administrator has configured the following settings:
   
What is the purpose of executing these commands?
  1. To record the hash value and authentication code of log files.
  2. To encrypt log transfer between FortiAnalyzer and other devices.
  3. To verify the integrity of the log files received.
  4. To create the secure channel used by the OFTP process.
Correct answer: C
Explanation:
The purpose of executing the provided CLI commands, which include setting the log-checksum to md5-auth, is to ensure the integrity of the log files. This setting is used to record the MD5 hash value of log files, which is a widely used cryptographic hash function that produces a 128-bit (16-byte) hash value. By using MD5 authentication, FortiAnalyzer ensures that the log files have not been altered or tampered with during transit, thereby verifying their integrity upon receipt. This is not related to encrypting log transfers, scheduling reports, or creating secure channels for OFTP (Over-the-FortiGate Protocol) processes.
The purpose of executing the provided CLI commands, which include setting the log-checksum to md5-auth, is to ensure the integrity of the log files. This setting is used to record the MD5 hash value of log files, which is a widely used cryptographic hash function that produces a 128-bit (16-byte) hash value. By using MD5 authentication, FortiAnalyzer ensures that the log files have not been altered or tampered with during transit, thereby verifying their integrity upon receipt. This is not related to encrypting log transfers, scheduling reports, or creating secure channels for OFTP (Over-the-FortiGate Protocol) processes.
Question 2
Which statement is true about the communication between FortiGate high availability (HA) clusters and FortiAnalyzer?
  1. Each cluster member sends its logs directly to FortiAnalyzer.
  2. You must add the device lo the cluster first, and then registers the cluster with FortiAnalyzer.
  3. FortiAnalyzer distinguishes each cluster member by its MAC address.
  4. Only the primary device in the cluster communicates with FortiAnalyzer.
Correct answer: D
Explanation:
In a FortiGate high availability (HA) cluster, only the primary device sends its logs to the FortiAnalyzer. This is to ensure that logs are not duplicated between the primary and secondary devices in the cluster. The configuration of the FortiAnalyzer server on the FortiGate is such that the HA primary device is set as the server that forwards the logs.Reference: FortiAnalyzer 7.4.1 Administration Guide, sections mentioning HA cluster configuration and log forwarding.
In a FortiGate high availability (HA) cluster, only the primary device sends its logs to the FortiAnalyzer. This is to ensure that logs are not duplicated between the primary and secondary devices in the cluster. The configuration of the FortiAnalyzer server on the FortiGate is such that the HA primary device is set as the server that forwards the logs.
Reference: FortiAnalyzer 7.4.1 Administration Guide, sections mentioning HA cluster configuration and log forwarding.
Question 3
Which two statements are true regarding FortiAnalyzer system backups? (Choose two.)
  1. Existing reports can be included in the backup files.
  2. The system reserves at least 5% to 20% disk space for backup files.
  3. Scheduled system backups can be configured only from the CLI.
  4. Backup files can be uploaded to SCP and SFTP servers.
Correct answer: AD
Explanation:
FortiAnalyzer allows for the inclusion of existing reports in the backup files, providing a comprehensive backup of configurations and data. Additionally, the backup files can be configured to be uploaded to SCP and SFTP servers, ensuring secure transfer and offsite storage of backup data. This can be configured both in the GUI and the CLI, providing flexibility in how backups are scheduled and managed.Reference: FortiAnalyzer 7.4.1 Administration Guide, 'Scheduling automatic backups' section.
FortiAnalyzer allows for the inclusion of existing reports in the backup files, providing a comprehensive backup of configurations and data. Additionally, the backup files can be configured to be uploaded to SCP and SFTP servers, ensuring secure transfer and offsite storage of backup data. This can be configured both in the GUI and the CLI, providing flexibility in how backups are scheduled and managed.
Reference: FortiAnalyzer 7.4.1 Administration Guide, 'Scheduling automatic backups' section.
Question 4
In a Fortinet Security Fabric, what can make an upstream FortiGate create traffic logs associated with sessions initiated on downstream FortiGate devices?
  1. The traffic destination is another FoitiGate in the fabric.
  2. Log redundancy is configured in the fabric.
  3. The upstream FortiGate is configured to do NAT.
  4. The downstream device cannot connect to FortiAnalyzer.
Correct answer: D
Explanation:
In a Fortinet Security Fabric, an upstream FortiGate may create traffic logs for sessions initiated on downstream FortiGate devices if the downstream device is unable to connect to FortiAnalyzer. This allows for continuity of logging and ensures that session logs are captured and stored even if the downstream device loses its connection to the log management system.Reference: FortiAnalyzer 7.4.1 Administration Guide, 'Fortinet Security Fabric' section.
In a Fortinet Security Fabric, an upstream FortiGate may create traffic logs for sessions initiated on downstream FortiGate devices if the downstream device is unable to connect to FortiAnalyzer. This allows for continuity of logging and ensures that session logs are captured and stored even if the downstream device loses its connection to the log management system.
Reference: FortiAnalyzer 7.4.1 Administration Guide, 'Fortinet Security Fabric' section.
Question 5
Which two settings must you configure on FortiAnalyzer to allow non-local administrators to authenticate on FortiAnalyzer with any user account in a single LDAP group? (Choose two.)
  1. LDAP servers IP addresses added as trusted hosts
  2. One or more remote LDAP servers
  3. A local wildcard administrator account
  4. An administrator group
Correct answer: BD
Explanation:
To allow non-local administrators to authenticate on FortiAnalyzer with any user account in a single LDAP group, you must configure one or more remote LDAP servers and an administrator group. First, you configure the LDAP server(s) by specifying the server name, IP, and other details such as the Common Name Identifier and Distinguished Name. Then, you add the LDAP server to a user group. Finally, you create an administrator account that uses this user group for authentication, allowing any user from the specified LDAP group to authenticate.Reference: FortiAnalyzer 7.2 Administrator Guide, 'Configuring remote authentication for administrators using LDAP' section.
To allow non-local administrators to authenticate on FortiAnalyzer with any user account in a single LDAP group, you must configure one or more remote LDAP servers and an administrator group. First, you configure the LDAP server(s) by specifying the server name, IP, and other details such as the Common Name Identifier and Distinguished Name. Then, you add the LDAP server to a user group. Finally, you create an administrator account that uses this user group for authentication, allowing any user from the specified LDAP group to authenticate.
Reference: FortiAnalyzer 7.2 Administrator Guide, 'Configuring remote authentication for administrators using LDAP' section.
Question 6
Which two statements are true regarding the log synchronization states for HA on FortiAnalyzer? (Choose two.)
  1. Log Data Sync provides real-time log synchronization to all backup devices.
  2. When Log Data Sync is turned on, the backup device reboots and then rebuilds the log database with the synchronized logs.
  3. With Initial Logs Sync, when you add a unit to an HA cluster, the primary device synchronizes its logs with the backup device.
  4. By default. Log Data Sync is disabled on all backup devices.
Correct answer: AC
Explanation:
For HA on FortiAnalyzer, Log Data Sync ensures real-time log synchronization among all cluster members, including backup devices. This feature is enabled by default. The Initial Logs Sync state is triggered when a new unit is added to an HA cluster, where the primary unit synchronizes its logs with the newly added unit. After the initial synchronization, the secondary unit reboots and rebuilds its log database with the synchronized logs.Reference: FortiAnalyzer 7.2 Administrator Guide, 'Log synchronization' section.
For HA on FortiAnalyzer, Log Data Sync ensures real-time log synchronization among all cluster members, including backup devices. This feature is enabled by default. The Initial Logs Sync state is triggered when a new unit is added to an HA cluster, where the primary unit synchronizes its logs with the newly added unit. After the initial synchronization, the secondary unit reboots and rebuilds its log database with the synchronized logs.
Reference: FortiAnalyzer 7.2 Administrator Guide, 'Log synchronization' section.
Question 7
An administrator, fortinet, can view logs and perform device management tasks, such as adding and removing registered devices. However, administrator fortinet is not able to create a mail server that can be used to send alert emails.
What can be the problem?
  1. ADOM mode is configured with Advanced mode.
  2. fortinet is assigned the Standard_User administrative profile.
  3. A trusted host is configured.
  4. fortinet is assigned Restricted_User administrative profile.
Correct answer: B
Explanation:
If the administrator 'fortinet' can view logs and perform device management tasks but cannot create a mail server for alert emails, it is likely due to the administrative profile assigned to them. The Standard_User administrative profile may restrict certain administrative functions, such as creating mail servers. To perform all administrative tasks, including creating mail servers, a higher privilege profile, such as Super_Admin, might be required.Reference: FortiAnalyzer 7.2 Administrator Guide, 'Mail Server' section.
If the administrator 'fortinet' can view logs and perform device management tasks but cannot create a mail server for alert emails, it is likely due to the administrative profile assigned to them. The Standard_User administrative profile may restrict certain administrative functions, such as creating mail servers. To perform all administrative tasks, including creating mail servers, a higher privilege profile, such as Super_Admin, might be required.
Reference: FortiAnalyzer 7.2 Administrator Guide, 'Mail Server' section.
Question 8
Which two statements are true regarding fabric connectors? (Choose two.)
  1. Using fabric connectors is more efficient than third-party polling information from the FortiAnalyzer API
  2. Cloud-out connectors allow you to send real-time logs to public cloud accounts like Amazon S3.
  3. Fabric connectors allow you to save storage costs and improve redundancy.
  4. The storage connector service does not require a separate license to send logs to the cloud platform.
Correct answer: AD
Explanation:
Fabric connectors in FortiAnalyzer, such as security fabric connectors (e.g., FortiClient EMS, FortiMail, FortiCASB) and storage connectors (e.g., Amazon S3, Azure Blob Container, Google Cloud Storage), provide efficient integration and data sharing capabilities. Using fabric connectors for direct integration with FortiAnalyzer is more efficient and reliable than relying on third-party applications to poll information through the FortiAnalyzer API.Additionally, the ability to send logs to cloud storage platforms like Amazon S3, Azure Blob, and Google Cloud directly through storage connectors is a built-in feature that does not require an additional license, thus saving on storage costs and improving redundancy without incurring extra licensing fees.Reference: FortiAnalyzer 7.4.1 Administration Guide, 'Fabric Connectors' and 'Storage connectors' sections.
Fabric connectors in FortiAnalyzer, such as security fabric connectors (e.g., FortiClient EMS, FortiMail, FortiCASB) and storage connectors (e.g., Amazon S3, Azure Blob Container, Google Cloud Storage), provide efficient integration and data sharing capabilities. Using fabric connectors for direct integration with FortiAnalyzer is more efficient and reliable than relying on third-party applications to poll information through the FortiAnalyzer API.
Additionally, the ability to send logs to cloud storage platforms like Amazon S3, Azure Blob, and Google Cloud directly through storage connectors is a built-in feature that does not require an additional license, thus saving on storage costs and improving redundancy without incurring extra licensing fees.
Reference: FortiAnalyzer 7.4.1 Administration Guide, 'Fabric Connectors' and 'Storage connectors' sections.
Question 9
Which statement is true about ADOMs?
  1. When a FortiAnalyzer Fabric is implemented, the default ADOM mode is set to advanced.
  2. A fabric ADOM can include all the device types supported by FortiAnalyzer.
  3. You can change the ADOM mode only through the GUI.
  4. In normal mode, you cannot change the disk quota of the ADOM after its creation.
Correct answer: B
Explanation:
Regarding ADOMs (Administrative Domains) in FortiAnalyzer, a fabric ADOM is capable of including all device types that FortiAnalyzer supports. This is part of the flexibility offered by ADOMs to manage and report on logs from various devices within a Fortinet security fabric. ADOMs can be enabled to support non-FortiGate devices as well, and the root ADOM in Fabric ADOMs provides visibility into all Security Fabric devices. Additionally, it should be noted that in normal mode, you cannot assign different FortiGate VDOMs to different ADOMs, while in advanced mode, you can, which provides a more granular control over the log data from individual VDOMs.Reference: FortiAnalyzer 7.4.1 Administration Guide, 'ADOMs' and 'ADOM device modes' sections.
Regarding ADOMs (Administrative Domains) in FortiAnalyzer, a fabric ADOM is capable of including all device types that FortiAnalyzer supports. This is part of the flexibility offered by ADOMs to manage and report on logs from various devices within a Fortinet security fabric. ADOMs can be enabled to support non-FortiGate devices as well, and the root ADOM in Fabric ADOMs provides visibility into all Security Fabric devices. Additionally, it should be noted that in normal mode, you cannot assign different FortiGate VDOMs to different ADOMs, while in advanced mode, you can, which provides a more granular control over the log data from individual VDOMs.
Reference: FortiAnalyzer 7.4.1 Administration Guide, 'ADOMs' and 'ADOM device modes' sections.
Question 10
Which two statements about FortiAnalyzer operating modes are true? (Choose two.)
  1. When in collector mode. FortiAnalyzer offloads the log receiving task to the analyzer.
  2. Analyzer mode is the default operating mode.
  3. For the collector, you should allocate most of the disk space to analytics logs.
  4. When in analyzer mode. FortiAnalyzer supports event management and reporting features.
Correct answer: BD
Explanation:
The default operating mode for FortiAnalyzer is analyzer mode. In this mode, FortiAnalyzer provides full functionality for event management and reporting features. This mode is intended for environments where comprehensive analysis and reporting are required. It allows FortiAnalyzer to collect, analyze, and store logs, as well as generate reports and manage events.Reference: FortiAnalyzer 7.4.1 Administration Guide, 'Operating modes' section.
The default operating mode for FortiAnalyzer is analyzer mode. In this mode, FortiAnalyzer provides full functionality for event management and reporting features. This mode is intended for environments where comprehensive analysis and reporting are required. It allows FortiAnalyzer to collect, analyze, and store logs, as well as generate reports and manage events.
Reference: FortiAnalyzer 7.4.1 Administration Guide, 'Operating modes' section.
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